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Where do you come from, where did you go to?

 

The Great Atlantic Migration from Europe to America

From 1815 to 1932, 60 million people left Europe primarily and migrated in North and South America especially to the United States, Canada, Argentina and Brazil, This was most intense during the period 1880 to 1920 when 40 million migrated, as populations increased and transportation methods improved. As many as 11 million Africans were forcibly removed as slaves during the in the 1600, 1700's and early 1800's primarily to the same countries.


Migration into Europe and the US since the 1960´s

As the economy of many countries in Europe improved migration into Europe since the 1960´s to the present day has been significant. Perhaps as many as 30 million people have migrated from outside Europe and millions more internally as the EU opened up the free movement of labour.

The reasons are the same as always - the search for a better life. This Quest asks you to look beyond the statistics and figures. It focusses on looking at the reasons for migration, by comparing the life of migrants at two points in history in their own words: Immigrants in the USA in the period between 1880 and 1920 and immigrants in Europe 1980 to the present day.

 

  

 

Migration and world events

Research and compare the reasons for migration through two Case Studies

Research the period between 1880 and 1920. With your group, research the major European events that happened in the time period. Events might include wars, economic declines or booms, religious persecution or environmental disaster. Do you see a connection between your events and immigration to the United States? Why or why not?

Research the period between 1980 and 2014. With your group, research the major world events that happened in your time period. Events might include wars, economic declines or booms, religious persecution or environmental disaster. Do you see a connection between your events and immigration to Europe? Why or why not?

 

Task: The life of migrants –then and now - In their own words

Compare the life and experiences of a European migrant to the Americas in the early 20th century with the life and experiences of a migrant to Europe in the early 21st century. Use their personal testimonies and stories if possible.

 

 

Migrant stories: Then and Now

I had to move because it was even impossible to survive cultivating the ground...
I had to move because of the war.......
I just deserved a better life......

Events then and now.

  1. Draw a timeline of the major events in Europe between 1870 and 1920
  2. Draw a timeline of the major events in the world between 1970 and 1914

Include wars, economic declines or booms, religious persecution or environmental disaster. Do you see a connection between the events and migration? Why or why not?

Then
  1. Visit the Ellis Island website and follow the tour. Find out how the emigrants got there and why they left.
  2. Then, go to Ellis Island Wikipedia page and download pictures of as many nationalities as you can arriving at Ellis Island. Where did they come from?
  3. Read Sadie's story
  4. Has anyone in your family migrated to the Americas? If it was in the past try to gather evidence such as pictures and letters home.
Now
  1. Download the letters written by migrants from the Lettera 27 website or the WikiAfrica project. use google translate to translate into your own language:
  2. Has anyone in your family migrated? If it was recently - Ask them to tell you their story.
Compare
  1. Compare the stories from then and now. What did they leave? How did they travel? What help did they get? How did it go for them?
Action
  1. Find out what help is available for migrants when they leave or arrive in your country. Language schools, economic assistance

 Migration rates of the world (Copyright GFDL)

Resources

Links

Ellis Island Homepage
http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/immigration/
Ellis Island - Wikipedia
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Ellis_Island
"Immigrating to America, 1905"
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/immigrating.htm 
Letters written by migrants - Lettera 27
http://www.lettera27.org/site.php?idlanguage=1&zone=9&idprj=1483&idnews=1493
WikiAfrica (Italian)
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progetto:WikiAfrica/Confini

 

 

Learning outcomes

  • Describe the major events in recent world history that have contributed to mass migrations whilst developing your research skills
  • Make comparisons between the complex reasons for migration and comparisons between the life of a migrant in different times
  • Find out about the conditions of migrants in society today
  • Become an active and informed participant in the debate about migration

 

Skills acquired

Competences acquired

Knowledge acquired

  • Use various documents to find facts about historic events
  • Developing the capacity to analyse an issue from multiple perspectives
  • Students acquire a heightened sense of global interconnections and interdependencies.
  • Understand the necessity of applying knowledge and values to solve real-world issues
  • Major events in Europe 1880 to 1920
  • Major events in the world 1970 to present
  • Develop a deeper understanding of the historical, political, scientific, cultural, and socioeconomic interconnections between the Europe and the rest of the world
  • Finding out about what practical services are available for migrants in your area

 

 

 

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